Psychosocial/Mental Health



CERTI, World Vision
Paul Bolton, Ellen Mathys, Nancy Mock. Washington, D.C, World Vision, Johns Hopkins University. CERTI Project. New Orleans, Payson Center for International Development and Technology Transfer, Tulane University, August 2000.

CERTI, Johns Hopkins University
The method we tested in Rwanda designed for use with various clinical mental health indicators. For this first trial we chose to study Depression as an indicator of the effects of mental trauma, and to study only adults. We assessed Depression using a version of the well-known Hopkins Symptom Checklist (HSCL), which has been used among many populations. We chose Depression because there is agreement on its basic form, it represents the most severely affected persons, and because it has been studied in a variety of situations and cultures. We chose it over Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (the other major clinical indicator of the severe effects of trauma) because it occurs in situations other than trauma, and so our findings would have implications beyond populations affected by trauma. Controversy continues about the use of these and other Western clinical mental health indicators in non-Western cultures. This is partly due to the failure of workers using these indicators to adequately validate them prior to use, thereby leaving the question of their appropriateness unanswered. Therefore, a vital component of this method is preliminary investigation of the local validity of these indicators.

International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
"Best practice" consists of accumulated and applied knowledge about what does or does not work in different situations and contexts.

Geneva Foundation to protect Health in War

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
Health and Community Section, Division of Operations Support,Geneva, June-August, 2000

United States Surgeon General

World Health Organization
A Rapid Assessment of Mental Health Needs, and Available Resources (RAMH) must be organised as quickly as possible during the emergency phase. The RAMH tool is applicable and can be used to evaluate needs and available resources. This RAMH should within seven to ten days collect the qualitative and basic quantitative information necessary to design and start an emergency response. It must provide reasonably accurate general information on the mental health needs and resources of the communities concerned.

Committee on Population
see also for text version

World Health Organization
(introduction...) Background General principles Intervention strategies for health officials in the field Above interventions are suggested for implementation in synergy with ongoing mental health system development priorities: WHO resource materials Backcover

World Health Organization
(introduction...) Acknowledgements Introduction Unit 1. Useful helping skills Unit 2. Stress and relaxation Unit 3. Functional complaints Unit 4. Common mental disorders Unit 5. Helping refugee children Unit 6. Traditional medicine and traditional healers Unit 7. Alcohol and other drug problems Unit 8. Helping victims of torture and other violence Unit 9. Helping victims of rape and their communities Unit 10. The organization of services that promote the mental health and well-being of refugees Selected WHO publications of related interest Back Cover
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